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Useful information

Logistics glossary

A deliberate and purposeful human activity consisting in the spatial movement of goods and persons by means of transport using designated routes in space and time.

An entity or enterprise providing transport services for in-house or external needs.

The resulting product of transport which satisfies the need for relocation.

A collective name used for the sender and the recipient.

Arrangement and assurance of the carriage of goods or other services related to carriage under one’s own name on the behalf of another party based on a forwarding contract.

The party arranging transport; a carriage contract is established between the forwarder and the consigner. The forwarder’s primary activities and tasks include:

1. Arranging for carriage and transshipment: The forwarder is responsible for selecting the best means of transport in terms of quality. Detailed expertise of carriage conditions and tariff rates are decisive in selecting the optimum carrier and means of transport. Forwarders must have in-depth expertise of the import and export conditions and customs matters. Forwarders arrange for carriage using a carrier, conclude a cargo contract and then issue cargo documents. They also arrange for the transshipment of goods.

2. Conducting carriage and transshipment activities: A forwarder may carry goods using their own means of transport or transshipment activities using their other facilities.

3. Collection activity: Classifying and distributing consignments is one of the forwarder’s most important activities. Such activities may involve ground, water or air cargo.

4. Warehousing and securing warehouses: Goods are stored before, during and after carriage. The forwarder secures such warehousing by concluding warehousing contracts with warehouse operators or stores goods in their own warehouse.

5. Other activities

a) carriage-related consulting – the forwarder advises on carriage-related matters and refers the customer to the best form of transport

b) inspection of goods – these activities including weighing, measuring, counting, labelling, sampling, identifying damages, etc.

c) the processing of goods – filling, mixing, sorting, accepting, etc.

d) packaging – staging containers, forms, labelling, rigging, palletising, etc.

e) logistics services – consultancy, development, operation of logistics systems, procurement of goods and their distribution

This is the addition of a load to a vehicle that already has a designated cargo load. The client in this type of carriage is typically looking to pay for a partial load, instead of a full load.

The number of meters occupied by the cargo on-board the vehicle with a standard vehicle width of 2.40 m. If the vehicle is less than 2.40 m wide, it is necessary to know the exact number and dimensions of the pallets to be loaded.

This primarily involves vehicles that are 2.20 or 2.35 m wide.

A wooden base or platform for moving or storing goods. We primarily use 3 type of pallets1.

1. EWP Euro pallets           1,20 X 0,80 m
2. Industrial pallets 1,20 X 1,00 m
3. IBCS 1,20 X 1,20 m

This transport involves any goods with any one dimension exceeding 13.6 m in length, 2.45 m in width, 3 m in height and weighs more than 25 t.

ADR - Carriage of dangerous goods

The European Agreement concerning the International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Road (ADR) was concluded on 30 September 1957 in Geneva aegis of the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe and took effect on 29 January 1968. The agreement was modified (article 14, paragraph 3) in New York City on 21 August 1975, but these changes took effect on 19 April 1985.

Current ADR signatories include:

Albania, Andorra, Azerbaijan, Belgium, Belarus, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Montenegro, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Greece, Netherlands, Croatia, Ireland, Kazakhstan, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Latvia, Luxembourg, Macedonia, Hungary, Malta, Morocco, Moldova, Germany, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russian Federation, Slovakia, Slovenia, Serbia, Spain, Switzerland, Sweden, Italy, Tunisia, Turkey, Ukraine and United Kingdom, Iceland and Tajikistan.

The ADR applies to carriage operations conducted on the territories of at least two of the above parties to the treaty.

  1. ensure the carriage of dangerous goods does not endanger the life and health of persons, animals, plants or other environmental components,
  2. ensure vehicles comply with the design requirements and, if required, ensure that the vehicle is equipped with a vehicle approval certificate,
  3. ensure written instructions per the ADR are in the vehicle,
  4. ensure the vehicle or vehicles carrying dangerous goods are accompanied, in addition to the crew, by other professionally competent persons, if the international agreement so provides,
  5. ensure the vehicle is equipped with special equipment according to written instructions,
  6. provide training to persons involved in the carriage of dangerous goods,
  7. appoint a safety adviser for the carriage of dangerous goods.

a.    know about the nature of the dangerous goods being transported,

b.    check the correctness and completeness of the prescribed accompanying documents prior to the transport of dangerous goods, which the sender is obliged to process and deliver,

c.    mark the vehicle carrying dangerous goods with orange plates and safety labels and ensure their removal after the end of such transport,

d.    get acquainted with the contents of the written instructions before the cost starts,

e.    perform the measures specified in the written instructions in the event of an accident or incident,

f.     not to accept anything with damaged packaging for transport,

g.    submit supporting documents, fire extinguishers and special equipment to authorities for inspection purposes,

h.    if the crew loads the cargo, comply with the provisions regarding loading, unloading, handling of dangerous goods, mode of transport and supervision of the vehicle,

i.      drivers may not transport anyone who is not a member of the vehicle’s crew,

j.      know how to use fire extinguishers,

k.    prohibit the opening of any piecemeal consignments,

l.      prohibit the use of light fixtures using an open flame and metal surface,

m.   prohibit smoking during loading, unloading and handling of dangerous goods,

n. when handling dangerous goods, the engine must be switched off if it is not required to operate some equipment and use of the parking brake while the transport unit is stationary is required.

  1. monitor conformity with regulations concerning the carriage of dangerous goods,
  2. provide consulting for their organisation for the carriage of dangerous goods,
  3. regularly re-train employees with respect to changes in legislation or changes in the ADR Treaty,
  4. draft an annual report,
  5. identify the simplest way to transport dangerous goods.
  1. Transport document – contains details like the consignment note, such as the substance identification number, proper name for transport purposes, safety signs, packaging group, restricting tunnel code, sender and receiver, etc. The data must be written in the official language of the sender and in English, German or French.

    Note: The “Consignment note for carriage of dangerous goods” template provided in Annex 10 to Decree No. 357/2007 must be used for carriage of dangerous goods in Slovakia.
  2. Written instructions for how to proceed in the event of an accident or other incident must be in the driver’s cab and in the language of the driver and other members of the vehicle’s crew that they are able to read and comprehend.

    Note: Written instructions on the four coloured pages have been identical for all drivers since 1 January 2009. The carrier must provide them before departure.
  3. Other documents:
  4. Photo ID – for every member of the crew
  5. Certificate of approval of a vehicle for the carriage of certain dangerous goods – issued by STK for vehicle types FL, OX, AT, EX/II, EX/III and MEMU - see ADR – Part 9
  6. ADR driver training certificate for the carriage of dangerous goods – issued by the Ministry of Transport, Post and Telecommunications of the Slovak Republic once training and testing is complete – in the language of the issuing country and in French, English or German
  7. Any other carriage permits under ADR requirements

Each transport unit carrying dangerous goods shall be provided with items of equipment for general and personal protection in accordance with Subsection 8.1.5 of the ADR

a.    The following equipment must be kept inside the transport unit:

b.    for each vehicle, a wheel chock of a size suited to the maximum mass of the vehicle and to the diameter of the wheel;

c.    two self-standing warning signs;

d.    eye rinsing liquid;

e.    and for every member of the vehicle’s crew

f.     a warning vest (for instance, as specified in the EN 471 standard);

g.    portable lighting apparatus;

h.    a pair of protective gloves;

i.      eye protection (such as safety glasses).

j.      an emergency escape mask(b) for each member of the vehicle crew shall be carried on board the transport unit for danger label numbers 2.3 or 6.1;

k.    a shovel(c);

l.      a drain seal (c);

m.   a collecting container (c).

n.    Additional equipment required for certain classes:

(a) Not required for danger label numbers 1, 1.4, 1.5, 1.6, 2.1, 2.2 and 2.3
(b) For example an emergency escape mask with a combined gas/dust filter of the A1B1E1K1-P1 or A2B2E2K2-P2 type which is similar to that described in the EN 141 standard
  • one 2 kg fire extinguisher in the vehicle
  • related documents: CMR (same as for full ADR + indicate carriage category), certificate from one-day training
  • piecemeal consignments labelled in same way as full ADR (UN number, safety signs, package UN code)
  • written instructions for dealing with an accident
  • vehicle signage
  • written instructions for dealing with an accident
  • full ADR gear
  • ADR training certificate (orange license)

The revised volumes of the ADR Treaty 2013 (ADR Volume I and Volume II) are available on the Ministry of Transport, Construction and Regional Development website.